2018:590 Orange Polska v Commission

2018:590 Orange Polska v Commission

Appeal — Competition — Article 102 TFEU — Abuse of dominant position — Polish wholesale market for fixed broadband internet access — Refusal to give access to the network and to supply wholesale products — Regulation (EC) No 1/2003 — Article 7(1) — Article 23(2)(a) — Legitimate interest in finding an infringement which has come to an end — Calculation of the fine — 2006 Guidelines on the method of setting fines imposed pursuant to Article 23(2)(a) of Regulation No 1/2003 — Gravity — Mitigating circumstances — Investments made by the infringing undertaking — Review of legality — Review exercising powers of unlimited jurisdiction — Substitution of grounds

CoRe Issue 1/2019 is out now!

CoRe Issue 1/2019 is out now!

Issue 1/2019 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) is now available! It offers the classic ‘CoRe mix’ of competition and regulatory topics like: the incentives, mechanisms and stability of hub and spoke cartels, the challenges for the operators of the EU regulatory framework on mobile roaming charges, and the implementation of the EU energy and competition law […]

Abuse of dominance through data overcharges and EU competition law enforcement

Abuse of dominance through data overcharges and EU competition law enforcement

The past year the EU commission and numerous competition authorities have addressed the matter of applying competition law to online platforms. The discussions concerning Facebook and Amazon have even touched upon the difficult relation between data and competition law. Despite the many debates concerning the application of competition law in digital markets, little attestation was given to the calculation of […]

Now available Issue 4/2018 – The Diverse World of EU Competition Law

Now available Issue 4/2018 – The Diverse World of EU Competition Law

The diversity of topics in the final edition of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe) for 2018 is representative of the wide-ranging issues in the world of EU competition law over the past year. In CoRe 4/2018 you can find articles on: the SSNIP Test and Zero-Pricing where Daniel Mandrescu examines the complexities of defining the relevant market […]

Now available – Issue 3/2018 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe)!

Now available – Issue 3/2018 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe)!

The Online World and Its Challenges to Competition and Regulatory Frameworks is the focus of the new issue 3/2018 of the European Competition and Regulatory Law Review (CoRe). This special issue, developed together with the European University Institute (EUI), offers insightful articles on topics such as: the paradox of discretionary competition law, updating the ECN for the challenges of the […]

CoRe Conference on 24 October in Brussels

CoRe Conference on 24 October in Brussels

Competition Law and Policy in Digital Markets – Conference on 24 October in Brussels Discuss crucial developments of competition policy in the digital economy – the Google Android case, e-commerce and vertical restraints, algorithms and big data as well as the nexus between data protection and competition law. Keynote speakers are William E. Kovacic & Jacques Steenbergen. More information on […]

Market definition for two-(or multi) sided platforms – demand interdependence and substitution as guiding principles

Market definition for two-(or multi) sided platforms – demand interdependence and substitution as guiding principles

The past year has led to a lot of discussion on the relation between competition law and (online) platforms and a lot of disagreement on how competition law should apply in such cases as displayed by comments on the major cases of Amex and Google. Unsurprisingly, one of the most contentious aspects of these cases was the market definition. It […]